ExposeDat case is now officially closed
The criminal investigation relating to an anonymous website and its allegedly defamatory statements about Terrebonne Parish public officials has ended, state and local officials confirm, bringing a close to one of the most tempestuous conflicts between local government and private citizens in modern memory.
A decision released Friday by a Louisiana appeals court, ruling that a judge’s refusal to quash a search warrant relating to the case may have laid the lid atop the investigation’s coffin. But a decision by Louisiana Attorney General Jeff Landry drove in the nails.
“We respect the decision made by the First Circuit and don’t plan to appeal,” said Landry’s spokeswoman, Ruth Wisher. “The case is closed.”
The case arose when insurance broker Tony Alford made a formal complaint to Terrebonne Parish Sheriff Jerry Larpenter, alleging a violation of Louisiana’s criminal defamation statute. In most states libel and slander are purely civil matters, allowing money damages to be claimed in court. In Louisiana, as in about a dozen other states, the criminal law allows for arrest and prosecution for what amounts to a misdemeanor offense. The anonymous “ExposeDat” site and a related Facebook page under the pseudonym John Turner suggests that Alford’s contract with the Sheriff’s Office was connected to the insurance firm’s employment of the Sheriff’s wife, Priscilla, something that began long before their marriage. It also alleges an unholy alliance between Alford and a long-time business associate, Parish President Gordon Dove, as regards the parish’s consideration of an insurance contract with Alford’s firm. Dove had already received a green light for the deal from the Louisiana Ethics Commission; he now awaits an attorney general’s opinion on the matter.
When a perturbed Alford – who is president of the Terrebonne Levee and Conservation Board – made his complaint, detectives sought to determine the identity of the poster. A court order secured from Judge George Larke resulted in disclosure from Facebook that the posts on its site originated from a computer linked to AT&T. A court order directed at AT&T resulted in a disclosure that the computers were at the home of Wayne and Jennifer Anderson in Houma.
Detectives then prepared a probable cause affidavit which they presented to State District Judge Randy Bethancourt.
Probable cause is a legal term that means there is a strong likelihood a crime has been committed. When the affidavit is for a search warrant, it must specify the place to be searched and the things being searched for.
The affidavit filed by Larpenter’s deputies alleged that a crime was committed because false statements were made concerning Alford. Bethancourt granted a warrant for search of the Andersons’ home after considering the matter overnight. The search was conducted, the items were seized, and attorney Jerri Smitko, on behalf of the Andersons, asked for a hearing at which the constitutionality of the warrant would be considered.
Bethancourt granted the request; the laptops and cell phones were placed in an evidence bag and locked in a safe maintained by Clerk of Court Theresa Robichaux.
At a hearing before Bethancourt, the Andersons’ attorneys argued that because Alford was a public official and because the material on the ExposeDat site involved matters of public affairs, a crime had not been committed. The warrant, attorneys said, was therefore moot.
Bethancourt denied the request to quash the warrant, stating that he did not know Alford was a public official and that, therefore, the argument could not stand.
In papers filed with the Louisiana First Circuit Court of Appeal, Smitko’s argument for Bethancourt to be overruled included reliance on a Louisiana Supreme Court case, which states that even if the defamation alleged does not concern a government person’s official capacity, the mere fact that the complainant is a public official is what matters. The bedrock was a U.S. Supreme Court case from 1964 that makes the Louisiana statute unconstitutional if used in connection with statements made about public officials.
A terse First Circuit ruling overturned Bethancourt, resulting in the return of the laptops and cell phones Friday.
Alford’s affiliation with the levee board was the pin upon which the decision turned. Citing the highest courts in the U.S. and the state, the judges affirmed that defamation against a public official is not a crime.
“The probable cause affidavit submitted in support of the application for the search warrant is premised upon a violation of (a state law,)” the three judge panel ruled. “That statute has been declared unconstitutional by both the United States Supreme Court and the Louisiana Supreme Court as it applies to public expression and publication concerning public officials, public figures and private individuals engaged in public affairs. Anthony Alford, the supposed victim, is President of the Terrebonne Parish Levee and Conservation Board of Louisiana, and a public official. Consequently, the search warrant lacks probable cause because the conduct complained of is not a criminally actionable offense.”
Neither of the Andersons has been charged with a crime. The identity of “John Turner” or anyone else associated with “ExposeDat” has not been determined.
Judges William J. “Will” Crain, J. Michael McDonald and Ernest Drake served on the panel that issued the ruling. None of them were elected in or around Terrebonne Parish.
Smitko said she and her clients are pleased with the decision, which she maintains is based on a solid interpretation of the law.
“It was clear before, but they tried to go after people under that statute,” Smitko said. “It took the First Circuit to tell them that they don’t understand the law.”
Larpenter, who had not yet seen the decision, said Thursday night that he accepts the court’s finding, although it also concerns him.
“I will abide by the court’s ruling, as I have abided with the courts all my life,” Larpenter said. ”A hearing would have been nice, for both sides to go up there and have a say.”
Larpenter’s detectives are no longer handling the investigation, which had been turned over to Landry. District Attorney Joe Waitz Jr. recused himself, passing any potential prosecution to Landry as well.
Smitko had filed a federal action on behalf of the couple two weeks ago, seeking a court order that would have trumped Bethancourt’s decision. But U.S. District Judge Jay Zainey denied the petition, stating that it was the role of the state courts to consider the matter before the federal courts stepped in.
The federal filing, Smitko said, can be amended to seek damages rather than an injunction, but she has yet to discuss that matter with her clients, who were pleased with the appellate court’s ruling.
“My clients are certainly very happy with the decision today but the emotional toll continues,” she said.
Wayne Anderson, a Houma city police officer, was initially placed on paid leave after the warrant was executed. His status, parish officials confirmed, prevented him from working paid extra-duty details. The officer was reinstated and his off-duty details resumed, but he still faces an internal affairs investigation in connection with the matter.
Larpenter maintains that his officers acted in good faith, and that while he respects the ruling he still has qualms.
“The ruling is the law today but that will change later on when it starts affecting people in higher places,” Larpenter said. “If the courts allow people to maliciously lie against people who serve in public office with no recourse, then I believe you will have less people wanting to run for public office in this state.”
The case law upon which the courts have relied, Larpenter reasons, was formulated before the advent of social media and the ability of anyone with a cell phone to air their opinions or their statements.
First Amendment jurisprudence, free speech advocates maintain, has developed from the time of the hand-cranked pamphlet to speed-of-lightning printing presses, then radio and television, with the same principles intact, no matter how wide the potential audience, and includes protection of anonymous speech. •